Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker
December 2016 Update
To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.
|Open Budget Survey 2015||December 2016 Update|
|Pre-Budget Statement||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Executive's Budget Proposal||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Enacted Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Citizens Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|In-Year Reports||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Mid-Year Review||Not Produced||Available to the Public|
|Year-End Report||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Audit Report||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
As of 31 December 2016, the government of Mexico makes all of the eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net increase over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Mexico has published the Mid-Year Review.
For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.
Transparency (Open Budget Index) 66/100
The Government of Mexico provides the public with substantial budget information.
Public Participation 44/100
The Government of Mexico provides the public with limited opportunities to engage in the budget process.
By legislature 45/100
Budget oversight by the legislature in Mexico is limited.
By auditor 92/100
Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Mexico is adequate.
Mexico should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:
- Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review in compliance with international best practice.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more information on the classification of expenditures for future years (especially more disaggregation on the economic classification); increasing the detail of information on extra-budgetary funds; increasing the level of disaggregation of revenues; improving transparency on transfers from international financial institutions or donor assistance resources; and improving estimates on outstanding debt and on interest at the end of budget year.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more information on planned versus actual debt and interest and on planned versus actual macroeconomic forecasts.
Mexico should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:
- Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
- Develop strategies to encourage and promote public participation in the budget cycle (including rules, calendars, and the institutionalization of spaces and methods to participate, among others).
- Hold legislative hearings on the state of the economy that are attended by the executive and open to the public.
- Provide detailed feedback on how public participation has been used by the supreme audit institution and promote opportunities for public directly affected by programs to provide inputs during performance audits.
Mexico should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:
- Ensure the legislature holds a pre-budget debate and the outcome is reflected in the Enacted Budget.
- Ensure the executive receives prior approval by the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.