Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker
December 2016 Update
To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.
|Open Budget Survey 2015||December 2016 Update|
|Pre-Budget Statement||Available to the Public||Published Late|
|Executive's Budget Proposal||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Enacted Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Citizens Budget||Not Produced||Available to the Public|
|In-Year Reports||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Mid-Year Review||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Year-End Report||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Audit Report||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
As of 31 December 2016, the government of Romania makes seven of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This is the same number of documents that were found to be publicly available in the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. However, since then, Romania has published the Citizens Budget but failed to publish the Pre-Budget Statement in a timely manner.
To improve budget transparency, Romania should publish a Pre-Budget Statement in a timely manner. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.
Transparency (Open Budget Index) 75/100
The Government of Romania provides the public with extensive budget information.
Public Participation 42/100
The Government of Romania provides the public with limited opportunities to engage in the budget process.
By legislature 54/100
Budget oversight by the legislature in Romania is limited.
By auditor 100/100
Budget oversight by the supreme audit in Romania is adequate
Romania should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:
- Produce and publish a Citizens Budget.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting more information on contingent liabilities and on future liabilities.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more information on planned versus actual performance.
Romania should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:
- Ensure the public is informed of the purpose of public budget engagements and provided with sufficient information to participate effectively.
- Hold legislative hearings on the state of the economy that are attended by the executive and open to the public.
- Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in audit investigations.
Romania should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:
- Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is provided to legislators at least three months before the start of the budget year.
- Ensure the executive receives prior approval by the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.
Romania’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with substantial information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This gives citizens tools to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.