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Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker

December 2016 Update

To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.


Open Budget Survey 2015December 2016 Update
Pre-Budget StatementProduced for Internal Use OnlyProduced for Internal Use Only
Executive's Budget ProposalProduced for Internal Use OnlyProduced for Internal Use Only
Enacted BudgetAvailable to the PublicAvailable to the Public
Citizens BudgetNot ProducedPublished Late
In-Year ReportsProduced for Internal Use OnlyPublished Late
Mid-Year ReviewProduced for Internal Use OnlyProduced for Internal Use Only
Year-End ReportProduced for Internal Use OnlyAvailable to the Public
Audit ReportNot ProducedProduced for Internal Use Only

As of 31 December 2016, the government of Chad makes two of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net increase over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Chad has published the Year-End Report.

To improve budget transparency, Chad should publish an Executive’s Budget Proposal and an Audit Report and publish In-Year Reports in a timely manner. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.


Country Summary - English Country Summary - French Questionnaire

Transparency (Open Budget Index) 5/100 

The Government of Chad provides the public with scant budget information.

Public Participation 2/100 

The Government of Chad is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.

Budget Oversight 

By legislature 52/100

Budget oversight by the legislature in Chad is limited.

By auditor 67/100

Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Chad is adequate.


Improving Transparency

Chad should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:

  • Publish the Pre-Budget Statement, Executive’s Budget Proposal, In-Year Reports, Mid-Year Review, and Year-End Report.
  • Produce and publish a Citizens Budget and an Audit Report.
 Improving Participation

Chad should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:

  •  Establish credible and effective mechanisms (i.e., public hearings, surveys, focus groups) for capturing a range of public perspectives on budget matters.
  • Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies as well as on audit reports at which testimony from the public is heard.
  • Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
Improving Oversight

Chad should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:

  •  Establish regular consultations on budget matters between the executive and the legislature.
  • In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the virement of funds in the Enacted Budget, the spending of any unanticipated revenue, and the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
  • Establish a system of quality control for the supreme audit institution.

See more on budget work in Chad »