Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker
December 2016 Update
To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.
|Open Budget Survey 2015||December 2016 Update|
|Pre-Budget Statement||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Executive's Budget Proposal||Available to the Public||Not Available Online|
|Enacted Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Citizens Budget||Available to the Public||Published Late|
|In-Year Reports||Available to the Public||Produced for Internal Use Only|
|Mid-Year Review||Not Produced||Not Produced|
|Year-End Report||Not Produced||Not Produced|
|Audit Report||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
As of 31 December 2016, the government of Tanzania makes three of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. In prior rounds of the Open Budget Survey, IBP accepted documents that were available upon request and/or in hard copy only as being “publicly available.” In 2016 we updated this definition to require that all documents be published on a relevant government website. For more information, please read our update on the Open Budget Survey.
Since the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed budget documents that were available to the public up to 30 June 2014, Tanzania has not published the Executive’s Budget Proposal on the relevant government website (hard copies are available on request), has produced In-Year Reports for internal use only, and has failed to publish the Citizens Budget in a timely manner.
To improve budget transparency, Tanzania should publish an Executive’s Budget Proposal on the relevant government website, produce and publish a Year-End Report, and publish In-Year Reports. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.
Transparency (Open Budget Index) 46/100
The Government of Tanzania provides the public with limited budget information.
Public Participation 33/100
The Government of Tanzania is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.
By legislature 39/100
Budget oversight by the legislature in Tanzania is weak.
By auditor 50/100
Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Tanzania is limited.
Tanzania should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:
- Produce and publish a Mid-Year Review and Year-End Report.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Enacted Budget.
Tanzania should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:
- Establish accessible mechanisms for capturing public perspectives and provide detailed feedback on how public inputs have been captured and taken into account.
- Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
- Establish formal mechanisms for the public to participate in audit investigations.
Tanzania should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:
- Establish a specialized budget research office for the legislature.
- Ensure the executive receives prior approval from the legislature before implementing a supplemental budget.
- Require legislative or judicial approval to remove the head of the supreme audit institution.
Tanzania’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with minimal information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This makes it difficult for citizens to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.