Open Budget Survey Document Availability Tracker
December 2016 Update
To recognize improvements and identify slippages in budget transparency between rounds of the biennial Open Budget Survey, we periodically assess the public availability of the eight key budget documents – an essential component of transparency. This update presents the results of the most recent of these interim assessments.
|Open Budget Survey 2015||December 2016 Update|
|Pre-Budget Statement||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Executive's Budget Proposal||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Enacted Budget||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Citizens Budget||Not Produced||Available to the Public|
|In-Year Reports||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Mid-Year Review||Not Produced||Not Produced|
|Year-End Report||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
|Audit Report||Available to the Public||Available to the Public|
As of 31 December 2016, the government of Ukraine makes seven of eight key budget documents publicly available online in a timeframe consistent with international standards. This reflects a net increase over the findings of the Open Budget Survey 2015, which assessed the availability of documents up to 30 June 2014. Since that assessment, Ukraine has published the Citizens Budget.
To improve budget transparency, Ukraine should produce and publish a Mid-Year Review. For more information on the content that the eight key budget documents should contain, and the publication timeframe for each document, please see IBP’s Guide to Transparency in Government Budget Reports and the Open Budget Survey Guidelines on Public Availability of Budget Documents.
Transparency (Open Budget Index) 46/100
The Government of Ukraine provides the public with limited budget information.
Public Participation 23/100
The Government of Ukraine is weak in providing the public with opportunities to engage in the budget process.
By legislature 79/100
Budget oversight by the legislature in Ukraine is adequate.
By auditor 83/100
Budget oversight by the supreme audit institution in Ukraine is adequate.
Ukraine should prioritize the following actions to improve budget transparency:
- Produce and publish a Citizens Budget and Mid-Year Review.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Executive’s Budget Proposal by presenting information on the classification of expenditures for future years and the classification of expenditures for prior years.
- Increase the comprehensiveness of the Year-End Report by presenting more information on planned versus actual debt and interest and information on planned versus actual performance.
Ukraine should prioritize the following actions to improve budget participation:
- Ensure the public is informed of the purpose of public budget engagements and provided with sufficient information to participate effectively.
- Hold legislative hearings on the budgets of specific ministries, departments, and agencies at which testimony from the public is heard.
- Establish formal mechanisms for the public to assist the supreme audit institution to formulate its audit program and participate in audit investigations.
Ukraine should prioritize the following actions to strengthen budget oversight:
- Ensure the Executive’s Budget Proposal is approved by legislators at least one month before the start of the budget year.
- In both law and practice, ensure the legislature is consulted prior to the spending of contingency funds that were not identified in the Enacted Budget.
Ukraine’s score on the Open Budget Index shows that the government provides the public with some, albeit incomplete, information on the central government’s budget and financial activities during the course of the budget year. This makes it difficult for citizens to hold government accountable for its management of the public’s money.