Subnational Budget Transparency

As subnational governments’ responsibility for resource allocation and service provision has increased, so has the importance of transparency, participation, and accountability at the subnational level. Recognizing this, as well as the scarcity of academic and policy literature on the subject, the International Budget Partnership’s (IBP) Open Budget Initiative implemented two rounds of subnational budget transparency studies that were completed in 2011 and 2013. Each round of the subnational studies used a different approach to develop the transparency assessment methodologies and instruments.

IBP used these experiences to publish a questionnaire and a methodology  to aid civil society organizations in conducting budget transparency studies at the subnational level.

2013 Subnational Budget Transparency Studies

The 2013 subnational budget transparency studies were conducted by IBP’s partners in Brazil, Indonesia, and Tanzania. The methodologies for these studies was developed by IBP and drew on the national Open Budget Survey, as well insights from IBP research partners.


2011 Subnational Budget Transparency Studies

The 2011 subnational budget transparency studies were carried out by IBP’s partners in Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, China, Croatia, Ecuador, India, Mali, Mongolia, and Peru. The methodologies for these studies were developed by the organizations that implemented them.

Further Reading

View summaries, full reports, methodologies, and questionnaires from our 2011 subnational budget transparency studies:

  • Argentina, conducted by Centro de Implementación de Políticas Públicas para la Equidad y el Crecimiento (CIPPEC)
  • Bolivia, conducted by Centro de Estudios para el Desarrollo Laboral y Agrario (CEDLA)
  • Brazil, conducted by Instituto de Estudos Socioeconômicos (INESC)
  • Croatia, conducted by Insitute for Public Finance (IPF)
  • Ecuador, conducted by Grupo FARO
  • India, conducted by Centre for Budget and Governance Accountability (CBGA)
  • Indonesia, conducted by Indonesian Forum for Budget Transparency (SEKNAS FITRA)
  • Mali, conducted by Groupe de Recherche en Economie Appliquée et Théorique (GREAT)
  • Mongolia, conducted by Open Society Forum (OSF)
  • Peru, conducted by Centro Peruano de Estudios Sociales / Grupo Propuesta Ciudadana (CEPES/GPC)